Try our free STNA practice test. You will need to pass the STNA test in order to work as a State Tested Nurse Aide in Ohio. Our STNA practice test features 79 questions that are similar to those on the actual test. All of the key topics are covered, and detailed explanations are included for each of the answers.
A confused client tries to get out of bed despite requests from staff to remain on bedrest. The nursing assistant knows that the nurse will most likely apply:
four point restraints.
a bed alarm.
a vest restraint.
Which of the following would NOT be an appropriate food item for a 3-year-old patient?
Sandwich cut up into bite-size pieces.
Hotdog cut up into bite-size pieces.
An elderly, unstable patient wants to use the bathroom by himself and is frustrated when the nursing assistant tells him to call her for assistance. “Leave me alone!” he says. “I want to go without telling you!” What is the nursing assistant’s best response?
“All right. I guess we were just trying to be extra careful.”
“Do you want to fall?”
“I’ll get you a urinal to use.”
“I’m sorry, sir, but that’s just not possible.”
In preparing a client for a hot Sitz bath, the nurse assistant should check the temperature of the water. The ideal water temperature is:
Between 105°F and 120°F
Between 80°F and 93°F
Between 95°F and 110°F
Between 65°F and 80°F
A nurse obtains an order from a physician to restrain a client by using a jacket restraint and delegates a nursing assistant to assist in the restraining of the client. Which of the following observations indicates inappropriate application of the restraint by the nursing assistant?
Jacket restraint straps that do not tighten when force is applied against them.
Restraint straps that are safely secured to the side rails.
A safety knot in the restraint straps.
Jacket restraint secured so that two fingers can slide easily between the restraint and the client’s skin.
A typical blood pressure around the upper arm should NOT be taken when the patient:
has IV catheters in both the left and right arms.
had lymph nodes removed around the axilla of the left arm.
has heart failure.
complains that “this is the fifth time today.”
A nursing assistant enters a client’s room and finds a fire burning in a trashcan. The nursing assistant’s first action is to:
try to put out the fire.
pull the fire alarm.
call the nurse for help.
remove the patient.
Before shaving a resident, the nursing assistant checks for which of the following items in the resident’s care plan?
Shaving instructions related to problems or issues clotting.
Presence of the resident’s razor from home.
History of a heart condition.
Any previous refusal of ADLs.
When assisting the resident to transfer from the bed to a chair, the nursing assistant knows it is necessary to do all of the following EXCEPT:
Encourage the resident to pivot themselves with minimal assistance.
Place the chair on the resident’s strong side.
Place the bed in the lowest position and lock the wheels.
Assist the resident to put on a robe and non skid slippers.
A client is receiving oxygen therapy via face mask. Which of the following is contraindicated for this client?
Eating his lunch.
Use of cotton bedclothes.
Shaving using an electric razor.
Talking with visitors.
Which of the following diseases does not require airborne precautions?
The nursing assistant cares for a patient with hepatitis C. The nursing assistant knows that the patient could have come in contact with this disease in which of the following ways?
IV drug use.
Dirty toilet seat.
Dirty eating utensils.
When correctly washing hands, the nursing assistant should scrub hands thoroughly and completely for how long?
What protective equipment should be worn when changing an incontinent patient?
Gloves, gown, and a mask.
Gloves and gown.
Mask and gown.
MRSA is an example of which of the following?
A bacterial strain that is easy to treat with antibiotics.
A mnemonic to remember how to act if there is a fire in the facility.
A resistant strain of bacteria that is difficult to treat with antibiotics.
A set of activity guidelines designed to keep residents safe.
What is the best way for a nursing assistant to prevent infection?
Use standard precautions when caring for residents.
Wear gloves when in contact with body fluids.
Apply an antiseptic hand rub before and after caring for residents.
A client with an indwelling urinary catheter is ordered to ambulate twice daily. Before ambulating the client, the nursing assistant should:
ask the nurse to confirm this order.
have the patient cover the bag with a pillow sleeve.
raise the bag above the bladder level.
keep the bag below the bladder level.
Which action is incorrect when flossing the client’s teeth?
Move the floss gently up and down between the teeth.
Hold the floss between the middle fingers of each hand.
Make sure you also floss the back side of the very last tooth on the right, left, top, and bottom of the mouth.
Use a new piece of floss for each tooth.
Which of the following is a key part of care when administering a bath to a resident?
Allow participation in care to promote a sense of independence.
Clean the perinea area of a patient before assisting them to clean their face.
Use cool water when bathing the patient to promote better circulation.
Perform all care for the resident in order to conserve their energy.
A nursing assistant cares for a resident. Which of the following skin care measures are correct?
The nursing assistant notes a nonblanchable red area on the resident’s sacrum and reports it to the nurse.
The nursing assistant applies talcum powder beneath the abdominal folds of the resident.
The nursing assistant does not begin perineal care until a second staff member is present.
The nursing assistant applies a prescription ointment as ordered.
Which of the following actions is correct when giving a client a bath?
Ensure any areas not being currently washed are covered by a sheet or towel.
Lotion the client’s feet after bathing and be sure to get in between the toes.
Make the client give themselves their own bath, even if they perform it poorly.
Clean the perineal area by gently wiping with the washcloth from back to front.
During a bath, the three most important things for the resident are:
Privacy, rest, and warmth.
Safety, warmth, and cleanliness.
Safety, security, and privacy.
Comfort, rest, and security.
The client asks the nursing assistant to assist her to cut her toenails. The nursing assistant knows this client has type 2 diabetes. Which of the following actions is best?
Check the client’s blood glucose before cutting her toe nails.
Retrieve a safety clipper and hand it to the client.
Report to the nurse that the client needs her toenails trimmed.
Check the chart for physician orders regarding nail trimming.
Which is correct about ostomy care?
It is done under sterile technique.
Able clients can perform this procedure by themselves once they have been taught by the nurse.
It needs doctor’s order for changing of ostomy pouches.
The client can still defecate normally.
Which of the following most addresses a client’s needs in regard to spirituality?
Assist the client to the facility’s chapel every Sunday.
Ask the client why he or she is of a particular faith.
Treat any religious objects in the client’s room as if they were any other.
Provide the client with warm water, soap, and towels every morning.
Which of the following statements is true about Alzheimer’s residents?
The resident may become confused, but hallucinations are never a part of Alzheimer’s.
Residents can never be reoriented because they will immediately forget it.
An increased appetite is common as Alzheimer’s progresses.
It is important to maintain a routine to avoid confusion and overstimulation.
Which of the following aspects of care is important for a confused client?
Asking the client their name.
Checking the client’s blood sugar every hour.
Reorienting the client frequently with clocks, calendars, and family mementos.
Keeping the client contained in their room.
The nursing assistant cares for a client who is extremely agitated. She yells, screams, and frequently tries to bite staff. The nursing assistant should:
use restraints to ensure the client’s safety.
speak calmly in an authoritative and neutral manner to the client.
use the television to distract the client.
provide care only when absolutely necessary.
The nurse's assistant is correctly providing penile hygiene to an unconscious client if she:
avoids retracting the foreskin if not circumcised.
dries all areas of the penis thoroughly.
uses warm water without soap.
washes from the base of the shaft to the tip.
When helping a client with left-sided weakness due to a CVA, the nursing assistant should position the client’s cane:
on the left side.
in front of the client.
away from the client.
on the right side.
Which of the following pieces of assistive equipment would be most helpful in moving an immobile client from their bed to a chair?
The nursing assistant helps a patient who recently had a right-sided stroke to bathe. Which of the following describes the BEST method to support the patient’s independence?
Complete the entire bath for him to conserve his energy.
Ask the patient what he wants to do.
Allow the patient to perform as much of the bath as possible.
Encourage the patient to do the best he can to clean himself.
Clients with osteoarthritis may be on bed rest for prolonged periods. The nursing assistant is aware that she should:
have the client lie as still as possible and give adequate massage.
provide only passive range of motion and decrease stimulation.
turn the client every 2 hours and encourage coughing and deep breathing.
encourage coughing and deep breathing and limit fluid intake.
Use of which of the following articles or types of clothing would help a client with osteoarthritis perform activities of daily living adequately?
Velcro clothing, slip-on shoes, and rubber grippers.
Tied shoes to promote stability.
Buttoned clothing, slip-on shoes, and rubber grippers.
Which of the following would be considered an example of battery toward a patient?
The nursing assistant asks for permission before touching the resident to assist them to the bathroom.
The nursing assistant bathes the resident without his or her permission.
The nursing assistant cleans the resident’s glasses.
The nursing assistant keeps a resident isolated from others as a form of punishment.
The nursing assistant suspects that a resident in the facility is being abused due to multiple unexplained bruises, refusal to answer most questions, and refusal of ADLs. Which of the following actions should the nursing assistant take next?
Notify the nurse assigned to care for the patient about the bruises.
Wait for more proof in order to identify the abuser.
Report the suspected situation to the nursing assistant’s immediate supervisor.
Ask the resident repeatedly to identify an abuser.
A client at the facility receives a new roommate. While the roommate is in the bathroom, the client leans toward the nurse and whispers, “Why is she here anyway? Is she sick?” The best response by the nursing assistant is:
“She’s here for the same thing as you!”
“Why don’t you ask her yourself?”
“I’m not sure. Let me take a look at her chart.”
“I’m afraid I can’t share that information with you.”
Which of the following items is necessary in order to place a patient in restraints?
A physician’s order.
The charge nurse’s approval.
The hospital administrator’s approval.
The Omnibus Budget and Reconciliation Act (OBRA) requires all facilities to do what for their clients?
Help residents reach their highest level of psychological and mental functioning.
Help residents write wills and choose power of attorneys.
Help residents perform ADLs and avoid neglect.
Help residents to transfer to other nursing homes if they want.
The term grievance refers to which aspect included in the Patient Bill of Rights?
Patients have the right to file a complaint without fear or penalty.
There is no lifetime monetary limit on essential care.
Patients have access to their health information at all times.
Patients are not allowed to call doctors at home.
The nursing assistant speaks with the nursing facility’s ombudsman. The role of this position is to:
investigate residents’ complaints and bring them to the attention of the correct authorities.
make residents as happy as possible.
assist residents to set up insurance and policy claims.
care for patients as if they were their own family.
Which of the following is an example of nonverbal communication?
Minimizing facial expression.
Choose the observation that should be reported to the nurse STAT.
Blood pressure of 102 over 75.
A pulse of 72.
32 respirations per minute.
Temperature of 98.9 degrees F.
A nursing assistant takes the blood pressure of a client and finds it to be 82/43. The client reports feeling dizzy. The nursing assistant should:
instruct the client to drink more fluids.
record the vital sign in the chart.
take the client’s pulse next.
report the finding to the nurse.
The nursing assistant should tell the nurse if the client with diabetes...
Does not touch their lunch tray.
Combs their hair without being prompted.
Reports numbness in their feet sometimes.
Decides not to finalize a will.
Which of the following is an example of a pulse rate that should be reported to the nurse?
The nursing assistant cares for a diabetic client. Which of the following symptoms in this client should be immediately reported?
Refusal to eat dessert.
A bowel movement.
When caring for a patient, the nursing assistant notices that the patient is bleeding around an IV site. Which of the following is the most appropriate action to take?
Report it to the nursing supervisor.
Clamp the IV catheter and tell the nurse.
Report it to the patient’s nurse immediately.
Tell the nurse when she happens to see her.
The nursing assistant takes the temperature of an elderly client and finds it to be 100.6 degrees F. The client reports having just taken a sip of hot tea. Which of the following actions is appropriate?
The nursing assistant records the temperature in the chart.
The nursing assistant scolds the client for not letting her know beforehand.
The nursing assistants waits at least fifteen minutes before retaking the temperature.
The nursing assistant takes an axillary temperature instead.
Which of the following pulses will be most commonly used by a nursing assistant when acquiring vital signs?
A client eats a bagel and drinks one 16-ounce glass of orange juice. What is the correct way to record the amount of juice?
One hundred and twenty cc.
One of the patients on the unit is on airborne precautions due to suspected tuberculosis. To rule out the disease, the doctor has ordered sputum specimens to be collected. What is the best daily time for the nursing assistant to collect the specimens?
Before a meal.
First thing in the morning.
Last thing before the patient goes to sleep.
After a meal.
What is the difference between Sims position and left lateral position?
In Sims position, the patient’s undermost arm is positioned laterally and parallel to the patient’s back.
In Sims position, a pillow is placed between the patient’s knees to prevent them from touching.
In lateral position, the patient’s head is elevated to 15 degrees on two pillows.
In lateral position, the patient’s undermost arm is positioned laterally and parallel to the patient’s back.
The nursing assistant knows that residents on bedrest must be turned every:
A resident is ordered to be in High Fowler position for each meal. Which of the following descriptions is the most accurate depiction of High Fowler position?
The patient’s bed is at a 60 degree angle with the feet propped up.
The patient lies on their stomach for twenty minutes prior to eating.
The patient’s bed is at a 30 degree angle with the patient slightly slumped over to the left.
The patient's bed is at a 90 degree angle and the patient is positioned sitting up.
Which of the following is a correct aspect of making an occupied bed?
Lower the bed to the lowest level when the procedure is complete.
Avoid raising the bed rails unless absolutely necessary.
Place soiled linen on the floor until the bed has been remade with clean sheets.
Mitering the corners of the new sheet is no longer recommended.
The nursing assistant prepares to give a patient a bed bath. Before turning the patient to rub their back, the nursing assistant notices that he has an indwelling urinary catheter in place. Where should the nursing assistant secure the catheter to ensure it is not pulled during the bath?
To the bed sheet.
To the medial aspect of the patient’s thigh.
To the bed.
To the lateral aspect of the patient’s thigh.
When making the patient’s bed, the nursing assistant knows it is most important to:
use linen that has only been in the client’s room.
straighten the sheets to reduce wrinkle formation.
change the pillow cover every four hours.
inspect the sheets for softness.
A patient with a respiratory illness complains of thick, sticky secretions that are hard to cough up. The nursing assistant knows to suggest which of the following?
Drink plenty of fluids.
Go outside and breathe the fresh air.
Turn and cough every hour.
A patient has a fever and describes feeling very uncomfortable. Which of the following recommendations is best for the nursing assistant to provide?
Administer Tylenol 500mg PO.
Give the patient a backrub.
Give the patient a cool washcloth to be placed on the forehead.
Suggest the patient sit outside in the fresh air.
A client has a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and has orders by the doctor to apply elastic stockings. The nurse's assistant is correct in performing this when she:
Applies the stockings while the client is in bed.
Applies the stockings while the client is sitting on the chair.
Applies the stockings while the client is standing.
Applies the stockings while the client is sitting on the bed and dangles her feet.
To prevent circulatory impairment in an arm when applying an elastic bandage, which of the following methods is best?
Apply the bandage while stretching it slightly.
Wrap the bandage around the arm loosely.
Apply heavy pressure with each turn of the bandage.
Start applying the bandage at the upper arm and work toward the lower arm.
The range of motion term “abduction” means:
moving the extremity below the body.
moving the extremity above the body.
moving the extremity toward the body.
moving the extremity away from the body.
The nursing assistant knows that the responsibilities of his/her position do not include:
Applying an ice pack as ordered.
Administering a medication.
Helping a resident to bathe.
Keeping a resident’s room tidy.
Which of the following procedures cannot be performed by a nursing assistant?
Reporting a soiled dressing to the nurse.
Inserting an indwelling urinary catheter.
Assisting the client to the bathroom.
Performing oral care on an unconscious patient.
A nursing assistant arrives at work. Three hours into the shift, she feels chilled and takes her temperature. The read-out is 101.0 degrees F. The correct action is to:
Report herself to the nursing supervisor and be dismissed home.
Continue working, but wear a mask.
Continue working, but wash hands every fifteen minutes.
Leave immediately for home.
The nursing assistant is helping a male patient to use the urinal. She pulls the curtain around the bed for privacy before saying:
“If you do not fill it completely, I will empty it later.”
“Please let me know later how many mL.”
“If you need any more assistance, please ring the bell.”
“Please ring me when you are finished and I will empty it for you.”
A patient says that her visitor is unable to come during visitor hours and asks if she could be accommodated. The nursing assistant:
says, “Of course! That would be fine.”
says, “I’m sorry, that’s not our policy here.”
reviews the issue with the charge nurse before answering.
reviews the issue with the patient’s nurse before answering.
The nursing assistant receives her assignment for the shift and notices that she does not have a nurse assigned to her group. What action should she take next?
Loudly complain about the situation.
Offer to team up with another nursing assistant to give medications.
Alert the charge nurse to the situation.
Begin gathering medications she must give.
The nurse's aide was asked by the licensed nurse to change the non-sterile dressing of a client. Which of the following statements is best when pertaining to this situation?
In changing a dressing, always note the color, odor, amount, and consistency of the drainage on the old dressing.
After the wound has been cleansed, apply clean dressings and tape completely around the edges of the bandage.
Tactfully refuse the delegated task because you are limited in changing dressings on your own.
In cleansing the wound, start from the surrounding skin towards the wound in longitudinal strokes.
A COPD client recently admitted to the floor needs constant oxygen therapy. When assisting this patient, the nursing assistant can:
keep the connecting tubing secure and free of kinks.
decide what device to use.
turn the oxygen on and off.
start the oxygen.
The nursing assistant knows that signs of hypoglycemia include which of the following?
Hot and dry skin.
Diabetes is a disease of which primary body system?
Which of the following disorders are said to be irreversible?
Clients requiring oxygen therapy should be monitored for hypoxia. Early signs for hypoxia include:
Increased temperature and decreased respiratory rate.
Cyanosis and increased pulse rate.
Breathing comfortably only when sitting.
Restlessness, dizziness, and disorientation.
Which of the following guidelines regarding residents who are hard of hearing would be considered correct?
Speak in a high-pitched voice to enhance understanding.
Write down words rather than speaking.
Encourage family participation to make sure they understand you.
Speak clearly and slowly as you face the resident.
Which of the following is the leading cause of accidental death in those 85 years of age and older?
Elderly patients are prone to stomach aches and bloating. Which of the following foods are avoided since they are gas-forming and contribute to the said condition?
Colas and sodas.
All of the following factors may interfere with elimination EXCEPT: